Bourdon tube pressure gauge ? operating principle

Bourdon tube pressure gauges will be the most regularly used mechanical pressure measuring instruments. Their pressure element is often known as a Bourdon tube: The French engineer Eug�ne Bourdon used this functional principle in the center of the 19th century. It really is based on an elastic spring, a c-shaped, bent tube having an oval cross-section.
The effect of pressure on a Bourdon tube
When the internal space of the Bourdon tube is pressurised, the cross-section is thus altered towards a circular shape. The hoop stresses which are created in this technique raise the radius of the c-shaped tube. Because of this, the finish of the tube moves by around two or three millimetres. This deflection is really a way of measuring the pressure. It really is transferred to a movement, which turns the linear deflection into a rotary movement and, via a pointer, makes this visible on a scale.
Bourdon tube variants
With the c-shaped bent Bourdon tubes, pressures around 60 bar could be displayed. For higher pressures, helical or spiral-type Bourdon tubes are used. Depending on geometry, material and material thickness, pressures up to 7,000 bar could be realised. Depending on Assault , the pressure elements are made from copper alloys, stainless steels or special materials such as for example Monel.
Note
Further information on Bourdon tube pressure gauges can be found on the WIKA website.

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