Active and passive temperature compensation of pressure sensors

How does an active or passive temperature compensation of pressure transmitters really work? Proven -quality pressure transmitters, especially those used in precision critical applications, are almost always provided with a person temperature compensation. But what’s actually the difference between an active and a passive temperature compensation of the sensors?
Passive temperature compensation: Sections of the characteristic accuracy curve of the pressure sensor are measured at different temperatures during the manufacturing process. Then, the previously determined temperature errors are compensated by passive elements (resistors) within the electronics of the sensor or by corrections of specifically designed resistance structures directly on the sensor element itself (e.g. by laser-trimming). The (passive) resistor elements used have an almost linear temperature behavior, it really is, however, only possible to compensate 1st order errors. Temperature errors of higher order, i.e. strong bending of the characteristic curve under temperature, can’t be compensated.
Active temperature compensation: Here too, the characteristic curve of the pressure transmitters is measured at different temperatures during the manufacturing process. However, the pressure transmitter has an additional integrated temperature sensor which constantly measures the temperature of the sensor and transfers it to the pressure transmitter?s signal processing. Used, two ways of active temperature compensation are common: the initial method compensates through a limited number of samples, , i.e. discrete correction values, between which interpolation takes place.
The next method uses the electronics of the transmitter and a higher-order equation resulting from the regression of the acquired measurement values so that you can compensate then your expected error. During operation, this signal processing makes it possible to automatically, i.e. ?actively?, compensate the pressure transmitter ?s temperature error using the calculated correction factors inside a specified temperature range (e.g. 10-60�C). Probably the most commonly used method to minimize temperature errors of pressure sensors is really a passive temperature compensation. This is actually the traditional method which is widely used.
However, active temperature compensation may be the top class of possible compensation methods. WIKA has constantly improved and refined this technology recently. The pressure transmitters of WIKA using active temperature compensation therefore feature a temperature error that is almost zero in their specified temperature range.

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