Dual range pistons for pressure calibration

Anonymous can greatly enhance a lab?s capability to calibrate wide pressure ranges with the best accuracy. With transducers and devices under test (DUTs) which have a broad measuring range, calibration can be a lengthy process, as you need to change pistons in between test points to be able to calibrate its entire range.
However, a dual piston deadweight tester has a high range piston and low range piston, that allows the technician more flexibility and efficiency in terms of calibration. This advancement originates from decades of innovation and customer interaction to locate a solution for industry needs.
Formula for pressure calculations
Since the Industrial Revolution, high accuracy pressure measurement is a key requirement in process industries. Pressure measuring instruments like gauges were employed to measure and monitor pressure conditons. They must be calibrated against instruments of an increased amount of accuracy. Deadweight testers (also referred to as pressure balances) are high accuracy instruments used in the calibration of electronic or mechanical pressure instruments. The core element of a deadweight tester is a precisely manufactured piston-cylinder system, onto which a mass load is applied so as to generate the individual test points in a calibration.
The mass load is proportional to the prospective pressure, that is achieved through optimally graduated masses. The look of the complete calibration system, in addition to the precise manufacturing of the piston and cylinder, ensure quality performance with long free-rotation time and low sink rates of the piston. With measurement uncertainties down to 0.002% of reading, deadweight testers will be the golden standard in calibration.
A deadweight tester typically includes a single piston-cylinder system. This requires mass sets to be changed so as to calibrate multiple or wide measuring ranges. This may turn into a cumbersome process, one that requires many resources. In 1953, the entity today known as DH-Budenberg pioneered the first dual range piston-cylinder technology with two pistons housed concentrically in a single unit. DH-Budenberg was later acquired by WIKA in 2011. The initial design included 1/8 in2 (low pressure) and 1/180 in2 (ruthless) pistons housed in a single unit. Utilizing a single mass-set it had been now possible to create two points of equilibrium at 55 bar (low pressure) and 550 bar (ruthless) respectively. This is followed with the release of ruthless variant that could generate pressure upto 1100 bar.
Explanation dual piston design
The first dual piston design was largely constructed of tool roll, and had an accuracy of 0.03 % of the pressure being measured in the standard model and 0.05 % in the ruthless model. In dual piston calibration, the strain on the reduced pressure piston is used in the auxiliary piston, that is directly linked to the weight carrier. When correct pressure is obtained, the piston head skirt floats within the low range or ?blue band.? To attain high pressure, the pressure is increased and the reduced pressure piston rises until a knife-edge on underneath flange makes a seal against the low pressure cylinder and acts because the high pressure cylinder. Since the low pressure piston does not contribute to the entire weight of the piston and weight carrier, the weight carrier picks up the auxiliary weight to compensate. When Signs is achieved, the piston head skirt floats within the high range or ?red band.?
This iconic, patented DH-Budenberg red and blue band piston-cylinder system was re-engineered later with both piston and cylinder components manufactured from tungsten carbide. With the refinements in pressure generation and piston manufacturing processes, dual ranges are now available around 1,400 bar with accuracies down to 0.006 % of reading.
These developments in dual piston technology made deadweight testers, such as for example DH-Budenberg?s CPB5800 Hydraulic Pressure Balance, the premier deadweight tester for industrial applications. It really is especially ideal for calibrating a transducer with a wide measuring range, while maintaining the high accuracy for testing and calibration. With the use of only a single mass set and calibrating instrument, this system can automatically switch between multiple test points of high and low pressure, making pressure calibration seamless, efficient and economical.
Note
Further information on our pressure balances are available on the WIKA website.

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