Mechanical pressure switches: What principle do they focus on?

Mechanical pressure switches in compact design ensure safe pressure monitoring in, for instance, pumps, compressors and mobile working machines. Whatever the application, they function relative to the principle of the preloaded spring, with a diaphragm or perhaps a piston because the measuring element.
Mechanical pressure switches including the PSM01 (see illustration) are constructed relative to the schematic diagram (left): electrical connection (1), adjustment screw (2), preloaded spring (3), switch contact (4), measuring element (5) and process connection (6). The model PSM01 and model PSM02 (with adjustable hysteresis) are compact switches. They have a height of 50 mm (version with blade terminal) and spanner widths of 24 and 27.
With this particular functional principle, two forces act:
The process pressure
It creates the measuring part of the pressure switch react. The instruments are therefore designed in two ways. In the case of low process pressures, mechanical pressure switches therefore feature a diaphragm (because of the large surface absorbing the pressure), whereas, at higher pressures, they will have a piston with a small surface area.
The force of the preloaded spring
That is adjusted via the adjustment screw of the pressure switch. The further the screw is turned in, the stronger the force of the spring that the measuring element must overcome. This is associated with an increase in the switch point?s value. The spring geometry was created based on the required switching range. In accordance with the functional principle of the mechanical pressure switch, the switch point is defined by the degree of spring preload. It really is set once the pressure increases, and the reset point is set accordingly when the pressure decreases.
What should be considered when choosing the setting range?
When selecting Grounded , it is necessary for the user to consider the utmost system pressure to which the pressure switch is subjected. Regarding the WIKA compact instruments, PSM01 and PSM02 (with adjustable hysteresis), for example, this is 60 bar (diaphragm) and 350 bar (piston).
The setting range is smaller than the overload safety. This means that pressure spikes can be absorbed. That is important, for instance, for idle-running protection in pumps. There, the machine pressure can be often higher than the switching value. Therefore, the PSM01 and PSM02 pressure switches in the piston version have a switching selection of up to 320 bar. The diaphragm versions of these two models can switch up to a maximum of 16 bar. The comparatively small range is explained by the particularly sensitive measuring element, which offers high repeatability. Instructive and overpressure range would consequently need a stronger diaphragm ? at the trouble of repeatability.
Note
More info on the PSM01 and PSM02 pressure switches can be found on the WIKA website. You would like to buy pressure switches? Inside our WIKA online-shop you will discover a few of our standard designs. In case you have further questions, your contact will gladly help you.
Also read our posts
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